By design, that move forced flaminius's army into open combat, and in the ensuing battle of lake trasimene, hannibal's troops all but annihilated the roman army, killing at least 15,000 soldiers, many of whom were driven into the lake to drown an additional 15,000 romans and allied troops were captured. Bibliography the success of the roman republic and empire wiki created by: group i dan stuckart eric fritz travis denham a complete list of the works used in this presentation. Hannibal's army lacked the homogeneity of the roman legions the carthaginian army consisted of africans, gauls, spaniards, numidians, and even romans appian of alexandria gives light to unique events that took place between scipio and hannibal prior to the battle of zama.
Polybius roman army essay sample the romans were just known for their army, but also for their army discipline in comparison to today and the punishments given out were almost, inhuman. John portor, polybius 61111-6183: the constitution of the roman republic, in translations of classical authors the united states of america is founded upon the same belief, giving the citizens freedom and rights, and the power to vote on executive leaders, and laws and amendments. Open document below is a free excerpt of polybius on roman military discipline: a summary from anti essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Ancient roman military organization according to polybius april 18, 2011 april 19, 2011 by patrick shrier from reading polybius, i gather that the basic unit of the roman army was not the legion, at least not in the days of the republic during polybius' lifetime.
13 (linked with 51 4), in which polybius envisages the natural decline of the roman constitution, and 18 5f, which describes the equilibrium of the mixed state and between the definition of the roman state as a mixed constitution and 51 5 f, where the roman success against carthage is attributed to the predominance of the senate. In fact, few things remained the same as the years went on save for the roman army's tradition of discipline and order, the adoption of new tactics and organizational structures was a defining feature of the roman military, and here lies the source of the roman army's superiority. History book 6 [rome at the end of the punic wars constitution of the roman republic] polybius (c200-after 118 bce) translated by oliver j thatcher an analysis of the roman government. According to polybius, what factors explain rome's emergence as a great power rome's emergence as a great power was due to obedience enforced by the commanders and also the heroism fostered by the rewards and trophies given out for military success. Likewise, the overriding focus on the state's interests over those of the individual is reflected in polybius' accounts of military discipline, and in the roman response to the dispatch of prisoners to rome by hannibal after cannae which ends the book.
Several of these essays deal with specific historical problems for which polybius is a major source five deal with polybius as an historian and three with his attitude towards rome one of these raises the question of 'treason' in relation to polybius and josephus. Polybius' father, lycortas, was a prominent advocate of neutrality during the roman war against perseus of macedonlycortas attracted the suspicion of the romans, and polybius subsequently was one of the 1,000 achaean nobles who were transported to rome as hostages in 167 bc, and was detained there for 17 years. Pyrrhus forces new roman army to retreat, but no clear victory pyrrhus offers peace if greek city-states left alone, romans say no pyrrhus leaves for sicily, helps greek city-states with carthage, romans get into another war with the samnites. 1) in book 6 of polybius' histories, polybius examines the roman government and its mixed constitution at the head of the roman republic are two elected officials, called consuls, who carry out the decisions of the senate, lead the army, and generally hold the highest executive authority. The roman army: strategy, tactics, and innovation the roman army is widely regarded as one of the most effective fighting forces in human history, influencing the development of military tactics for generations afterwards.
Review of baronowski, polybius and roman imperialism xiii poets and prophets and historians (greek and roman) the middle chapter is by far the most innovative and the one containing the most new material. Stanford libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Carthage vs rome the punic wars over the course of one-hundred years the mediterranean antiquity was rocked by an ancient cold war between the north african seafaring state of carthage, and the newly rising city of rome located on the italian peninsula.
Weiss, peter, the future of roman military diplomata-fortschritte, probleme ind küntftige aufbaden, in j j wilkes (ed), documenting the roman army essays in honour of margaret roxan (london: institute of classical studies 2003. Goldsworthy (complete roman army, 197, see also 172-73) provides the following commentary, but does not give his source in polybius can anyone help me find where in polybius this is taken from: polybius claimed that the romans deliberately caused as much destruction as possible, slaughtering and. Polybius to vegetius : essays on the roman army and hadrian's wall presented to brian dobson to mark his 70th birthday.
Essay about punic wars 929 words 4 pages discuss the roman punic wars, in terms of their circumstances and overall effect on rome's economic and social development also discuss the ensuing gracchan turbulence from the same perspective. The roman army was to use its vast numbers to subdue the smaller numbered forces of the carthaginian army using sheer force hannibal's army, though lesser in quality and quantity as compared to the roman army was a mix of seasoned fighters. A roman boy, growing up with those trophies around him, hearing the war stories of his father and friends, and seeing the respect given to the heroes, could hardly wait to join the army and perform deeds like theirs, or greater ones.